What is a CMS?
With this magical combination of letters, Internet users have to deal with more and more. So what does this spell mean, and in what area of the Internet is it used?
Translated into Russian CMS (Content Management System) is a content management system, and this concept is used in the field of website development. Earlier in my articles, I already mentioned different ways of creating Internet resources, and then the topic of using CMS for this purpose was raised.
Now I propose to dwell on this in more detail. The importance of this topic is justified by the fact that almost every dynamic site is now developed on the basis of CMS, and there are no numbers to consider.
The purpose of CMS is, firstly, to facilitate the process of creating sites, secondly, to make this process available to a wider circle of people and, finally, to simply subordinate the entire course of creating a site to a specific algorithm and type. There are a lot of different CMS, the use of which can be carried out both for free and on a paid basis.
The most famous and popular commercial CMS in Russia is 1C-Bitrix. Among free solutions, Joomla! Takes the lead. Also popular are Drupal, WordPress, DLE and others. In addition to the well-known, there are also self-written control systems, the number of which is difficult to calculate. So, for example, reputable companies offering their website development services use their own CMS. This does not mean that publicly available systems do not meet high quality requirements, and companies simply have no choice but to create their own system. Thus, in the first place, they simply confirm the high level of their own developers.
It is difficult to judge the quality of such systems and their superiority over free ones. Depending on the specific site and requirements for it, this or that system will be better or worse, but since CMS was originally created as a universal solution for creating any site, here, in my opinion, it is still worth giving preference to the most famous and popular content management systems. So, for example, over the creation of CMS JOOMLA !, its development, support and security issues are beaten by thousands of high-class programmers every day, while self-written options are served at best by a dozen developers.
Now that we’ve figured out the basic types and got to know the main representatives of CMS, it’s worth a little talk about the principle of their use. As a rule, everything is similar here, the only difference is in the nuances. First of all, the control system must be installed by specifying its main settings for the site to function correctly — the address of the database that will be used by the site, the ftp address, if necessary, the site name, administrator name, password and others, depending on the specific CMS . The whole procedure is not difficult, as a rule, the user interface is very friendly. Many hosting companies offer tariffs with pre-installed CMS for greater user convenience.
After all the settings are set, you can proceed directly to the development of the site. And here the main joy in work with CMS begins. To make a website, you do not need to be a programmer. Creating a resource of any complexity can be implemented by a simple user without specific knowledge. This is the main advantage of content management systems – all site customization, its filling and modification are carried out through the same friendly user interface.
But do not rush to rejoice. From a technical point of view, everything is true, but in reality such a site is unlikely to turn out to be attractive. The fact is that, if you do not modify the code of the components used, the styles of the templates and the structure of the html code, then the whole resource will look very typical, template.
Indeed, when developers create all kinds of extensions for CMS – components, modules, plugins – they create a template that will not always correspond to the style of your site and its theme. Therefore, it is still better that a specialist is involved in the development of the site, albeit on the CMS.
And the main benefit to ordinary users or owners of such sites is that after creating the resource, they will be able to carry out its support on their own, without resorting to the paid services of webmasters.